Greek Alphabet

The Greeks were the first Europeans to learn to write with an alphabet and it was from the Greeks that alphabetic writing spread to the rest of Europe, eventually leading to all modern-day European alphabets. The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the 8th century BC. The Greeks adopted their alphabet from the ancient Phoenician Script but the Greek alphabet was the first to have distinct letters for vowels and consonants. The Greek historian Herotodus, who lived during the 5th century BC, called the Greek letters “phoinikeia grammata” (φοινικήια γράμματα) which means Phoenician letters.

Apart from its use in writing the Greek language, the Greek alphabet today also serves as a source of technical symbols and labels in many areas of mathematics, physics and other sciences. Greek letters are also used to denote the brighter stars within each of the eighty-eight constellations of our solar system.

Α α

alpha | άλφα

Β β

beta | βήτα

Γ γ

gamma | γάμμα

Δ δ

delta | δέλτα

Ε ε

epsilon | έψιλον

Ζ ζ

zeta | ζήτα

Η η

eta | ήτα

Θ θ

theta | θήτα

Ι ι

iota | ιώτα

Κ κ

kappa | κάππα

Λ λ

lambda | λάμδα

Μ μ

mu | μυ

Ν ν

nu | νυ

Ξ ξ

xi | ξι

Ο ο

omicron | όμικρον

Π π

pi | πι

Ρ ρ

rho | ρώ

Σ σ/ς

sigma | σίγμα

Τ τ

tau | ταυ

Υ υ

upsilon | ύψιλον

Φ φ

phi | φι

Χ χ

chi | χι

Ψ ψ

psi | ψι

Ω ω

omega | ωμέγα

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